IRD - Suds en ligne : les dossiers thématiques de l'IRD

Overcoming Malaria

Le paludisme, infection due à un parasite transmis à l’homme par un moustique, tue chaque année plus d’un million de personnes. Cette maladie menace un tiers de l’humanité, essentiellement dans les régions tropicales. Obstacle majeur au développement, le paludisme représente un véritable défi pour la recherche.

Overcoming Malaria

Collecte de larves d'Anopheles gambiae dans la forêt tropicale au Cameroun


Malaria, also called paludism, is an infection caused by a parasite transmitted to humans by mosquitoes which kills more than a million people every year. This disease, one of the most lethal on the planet, threatens a third of mankind, mainly in the tropics. A major obstacle to development, malaria represents a true challenge for research.
Three protagonists are involved in the transmission of malaria: a parasite, a mosquito, and a human being. A mosquito, infected by a human carrying the parasite, infects in turn another human being, and so on. Transmission is hence not directly between people, except in the case of blood transfusions or from mother to child during pregnancy or childbirth.